What exactly is a breeder? Isn’t anyone who brings a litter of puppies (or cats) into this world a breeder?
THE PUPPY MILL – The Bottom of the Barrel
A “Puppymill” is a commercial breeding operation where dogs are bred under totally abhorrent conditions solely for the purpose of creating a profit.
Puppy millers are most often found in rural areas where the barking and howling of the dogs is less likely to upset neighbors, leading to investigations.
The commercial breeder is a little better in that they are regulated in the U.S. by the U.S.D.A. and watched in Canada by the S.P.C.A. The facilities that the dogs are in are kept cleaner, and many actually have kennel help on hand to spend some time assisting at whelpings and socializing the puppies.
Once again they can be recognized by the fact that many breeds are available, that no questions are asked about you or your facilities (come with Cash or a credit card and you have your puppy).
A backyard breeder is someone who keeps a number of dogs and either breeds them deliberately or just lets them breed. Backyard breeders may have a few dogs or many, one breed or several.
The Ethical Breeder would have had all possible health clearances for genetic defects done on their female before looking to breed her. Depending on the breed this could be x-raying hips and/or elbows, Von Willebrands testing, eye clearances, thyroid testing, etc.
While the ideal mate MAY be in the EB’s own kennel, more often than not they will be breeding to someone else’s dog, because their ethics to not allow them to maintain a large string of stud dogs sitting in kennels.
A breeder will supply you with a Pedigree of your dog. This is simply a family tree, it is not a registration paper, and it does not guarantee that you will receive registration papers. All it does is give you a listing of the dogs in the background of your puppy. Even mixed breeds have a pedigree if their parentage is known.
A BIS in front of the name usually means that the dog has won Best in Show at an All-Breed dog show, which is quite an honour. A SBIS or BISS, usually refers to a Specialty Best in Show (or Best in Specialty Show), where only dogs of that breed are shown. It is said that a “balanced dog” has a title at each end of its name.
A registration is a proof that your dog is purebred, that its parents are registered with the kennel club of the country in which it was born and that it is eligible to compete in AKC/CKC sanctioned events.
Sadly this is true. No matter how poor an example of its breed a dog is, it is registerable with the Kennel Club as long as its parents were registered.
In the United States some breeders may choose to register their puppies, but most will give the purchaser the blue registration slip and have the purchaser register the dog.